A recent study suggests that swamp tigers in the Sundarbans could get extinct in the next 50 years. These unique tigers that are distinct from the other tigers in the Indian subcontinent are in the danger of getting extinct mostly in the Bangladesh region. The Sundarbans are home to the famed Bengal Tigers, and both the India and Bangladesh parts are equally important for their survival. Now a report published in the journal, Science of the Total Environment, suggest that they are in real danger.
The study which has been titled, “Combined effects of climate change and sea-level rise project dramatic habitat loss of the globally endangered Bengal tiger in the Bangladesh Sundarbans.”Studies state that currently there are as low as 4,000 Bengal tigers alive today, which is a terribly low number for a species that used to thrive in the Sundarbans. The research was carried out by the use of computer simulations that helped scientists understand the time left for Sundarbans to get submerged underwater.
Factors such as extreme weather conditions and a rise in sea level were considered in the equation. The top four factors are – habitat loss, poaching, climate change, and reduction in breeding. But tigers in the region have it bad from both sides of the coin, i.e., man-made and natural causes; man-made because of an increase in human encroachment, and natural because of climatic changes.